Chargement Évènements

Ions in motion : Effect of Oscillatory Electric Fields

Carlos Drummond
Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal (CRPP), UPR 8641-CNRS,
Université de Bordeaux, Pessac F-33600, France

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ID de réunion : 856 3551 4099
Code secret : 102958
Abstract: The dynamic response to applied electrical potentials is a topic of fundamental significance in many systems, from supercapacitors and batteries, to the understanding of electrokinetics. Many electrokinetic systems of interest involve the application of alternating potentials. In this seminar I will discuss the dynamic response to an applied oscillatory electric field of monovalent salt solutions confined between two walls, investigated by using a modified Surface Forces Apparatus. In opposition to what could be anticipated from purely electrostatic considerations, we observed a strong, slowly evolving repulsive force between surfaces separated by an aqueous electrolyte upon application of an alternating potential difference between the walls. This long-range repulsive force increases with the ratio of diffusion coefficients of the ions in the medium and the square of the applied potential. We argue that the repulsive force is a consequence of the field-induced ionic excess in the gap, due to ionic transport from adjacent reservoirs. 


Date :
29 juin
Heure :
11 h 00 - 12 h 00
Catégorie d’évènement: